July 27, 2021

バヤハニン2失効で公共交通機関運賃上昇か

リサ・ホンティベロス上院議員は「バヤニハン2」法が6月30日に失効され、道路上の公益車両(PUV)の数が減り、通勤者が高い運賃に対応しなければならなくなることへの懸念を示しました。
ホンティベロス上院議員はバヤニハン2に失効により変化にあった行動を起こさなければ、乗り物が不足しているため、需要に反して高い運賃を払わなければならないかもしれないのだと語りました。

バヤニハン2では、公共交通機関との契約に55億8000万円が計上されており、通勤者らに無料で乗り物を提供していました。

ですが、PUVの運営者やドライバーには約15億円しか支払われていません。バヤニハン2では、支出されなかった資金は国庫に戻されることになっているため国土交通省はバヤニハン2の失効を理由に、このプログラムの一時的な停止を発表しました。
国土交通省は、2021年予算のPUVサービス契約プログラムのための30億円の資金を使ってプログラムを継続するとしていますが、予算管理局から国土交通省には未だ支払われていません。

またホンティベロス上院議員は、多くの人々が職を失い、物価が高騰することは、国民にとって二重の苦しみだと指摘。

まさに現在のフィリピンでは需要と供給のバランスが様々な面で保たれていない状況になります。
パンデミックがフィリピンに与えた打撃は大きいですが、政策によっては他の道があったのかも知れません。

以下、MANILA BULLETINより

Hontiveros concerned of higher public transport fares after Bayanihan 2 expiry

Senator Risa Hontiveros on Friday, July 2, raised concern that commuters would have to deal with higher fares with fewer public utility vehicles (PUVs) on roads after the expiration of funds for service contracting program under the Bayanihan 2 law.

“Hindi lang ang pansamantalang pagtigil ng ‘Libreng Sakay’ program ang epekto ng pagkawala ng bilyong-bilyong pisong pondo para sa service contracting (Not only the free rides will be temporarily stopped when the service contracting is no longer funded),” Hontiveros said in a statement.

“Kung hindi agad kikilos ang Department of Transportation (DOTr) at ang Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB), biglang tataas din ang gastusin ng mga commuter dahil sa kakulangan ng bumabiyaheng jeep at bus sa lansangan (If the DOTr and the LTFRB will not take immediate actions, commuters might have to pay higher fares because of the lack of jeeps and buses on roads),” she warned.

The “Bayanihan to Recover as One” or Bayanihan 2 law lapsed on Wednesday, June 30.

The law appropriated ₱5.58 billion for the service contracting with the public transportation sector, which, in turn, gave free rides to frontline workers and other commuters amid the pandemic.

Since the program started last year, however, only about ₱1.5 billion has been released to PUV operators and drivers. Under the Bayanihan 2, funds not obligated would reverted to the national treasury.

The LTFRB earlier announced the temporary suspension of the program due to the Bayanihan 2’s expiry. It said it will continue the program with the ₱3-billion funding for the PUV service contracting program under the 2021 budget, which has yet to be disbursed to the agency by the Department of Budget and Management (DBM).

“Kung mababawasan ang jeepney at bus, mapipilitan na lumipat ang mga kababayan natin sa taxi, tricycle o transport vehicle network service (TNVS) kung saan di hamak na lalaki ang kanilang gastusin, lalo na kung rush hour (If there are less jeepney or buses, our countrymen would be forced to ride taxis, tricycle or TNVS which charge higher fares, especially during rush hours),” she said.

“Dobleng pahirap iyan sa taumbayan ngayong marami ang walang trabaho at mahal ang bilihin (It’s a double whammy for our people when many of them are jobless and prices of goods are surging),” she pointed out.

The senator said the DOTr and the LTFRB should ask the DBM to quickly release the funds needed for the program to resume.

She also urged the agencies to work with local government units to co-finance service contracting agreements to augment the funds. At the same time, she said the government must address the issues that delayed the service contracting program.