September 27, 2021

フィリピンの7月の債務残高 11兆6,100億ペソに上る

フィリピンの債務残高はさらに増加し、7月末時点で11兆6,100億ペソに達したことが、財務局の発表により明らかになりました。2021年開始時点から、1兆8200億ペソ(18.53%)の増加となっています。

特に、ペソの下落や、政府が国内外の金融機関から借り入れを行ったことにより、4,444億3,000万ペソ(4%)の負債が増加したようです。また、負債総額のうち、30.1%は国外からの借金で、残りの69.9%が国内からの借金だといいます。

海外の金融機関からの借入が増加したことにより、1,593億4,000万ペソの負債増加となり、そのうち1,461億7,000万ペソは米ドル建てのグローバルボンドの発行によるものでした。

フィリピンはコロナウイルス への対応に加え、ドゥテルテ政権の野心的なインフラ計画のために多額の借金をしています。ロドリゴ・ドゥテルテ政権は、5年間で国の負債をほぼ倍増させました。

フィリピンの経済活動はまだ完全に再開しておらず、今後さらに財政が圧迫されると予想されます。今後の動向に注目です。

以下、ABS-CBN NEWSより

Philippine debt hits P11.61 trillion in July as government borrows more, peso weakens

MANILA – The Philippines’ debt climbed further hitting P11.61 trillion at the end of July, the Bureau of Treasury reported on Wednesday.

The country’s total debt increased by P444.43 billion or 4 percent due to the peso’s depreciation and as the national government borrowed more money from both foreign and local lenders, Treasury said.

Of the total debt stock, 30.1 percent was foreign debt, while the remaining 69.9 percent was borrowed from local sources.

“From the start of 2021, total outstanding debt has grown by P1.82 trillion or 18.53 percent,” Treasury noted.

Domestic debt amounted to P8.12 trillion, which is P181.04 billion or 2.3 percent higher compared to the end-June 2021 level as a result of the net issuance of government securities.

Growth in domestic obligations amounts to P1.42 trillion or 21.28 percent from the beginning of the year owing to heightened financing requirements.

The country’s foreign debt stood at P3.49 trillion, which was P263.39 billion or 8.2 percent higher from the previous month.

Increased borrowing from foreign lenders added P159.34 billion, including P146.17 billion from the issuance of US dollar global bonds.

“Meanwhile, the impact of both local- and third-currency exchange fluctuations1 against the US Dollar added P100.66 billion and P3.39 billion, respectively,” Treasury said.

Foreign debt has increased by P390.55 billion or 12.6 percent from the end-December 2020 level.

The Philippines has been borrowing heavily to finance its COVID-19 response as well as the Duterte administration’s ambitious infrastructure program.

In 5 years, the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte has almost doubled the country’s debt from P5.95 trillion at the end of 2016.